Gum surgery is performed to treat the gums when they have been infected. Gums are the soft tissue that supports and hold the teeth in place. They are affected primarily due to the bacteria in the plaque. When plaque stays on the teeth for a longer time, it becomes hard and forms tartar. Tartar is one of the leading causes of gum-related diseases. Gum surgery is used to protect the teeth from gum-related infections.
Some of the symptoms of gum diseases are:
- Swollen and bleeding gums.
- Pain in the gums while chewing food.
- The release of pus from the gums.
- Bad breath and bad taste.
Different types of gum surgery
Connective tissue graft: A flap is cut on the palate ( roof of the mouth), and tissue is extracted from under the flap. This tissue is stitched to the gum surrounding the exposed tooth. A tooth gets exposed when the gums start to recede, and the root of the tooth surfaces. This can be corrected by transferring tissue from the palate to the gums. The palatal flap is then closed using stitches.
Gingival graft: It is similar to connective tissue graft, except that tissue isn't extracted from under a flap. A piece of tissue is removed from the roof of your mouth. It is then stitched into the place where your gums have worn out. This technique is used when one has thin gums, and they need to be expanded.
Pedicle graft: In this technique, the tissue is extracted from the nearby gums, which are healthy. The strip of gum is partially cut, with one end still being attached. It is then stitched into place so that the exposed tooth is covered.
Local anesthesia will be given to the patient before the surgery is performed. It would take a while for it to wear off. We will provide medication to the patient to recover from it. During the healing process, the growth of plaque has to be controlled. A special mouth rinse is used for this purpose. Brushing or flossing the operated areas should be avoided to prevent bleeding. The patient should also avoid spicy and hot foods for a while.
Laser gum surgery
Lately, laser treatment has been extensively used to perform gum surgery. It has been proved to be an efficient way of treating infected gums. The steps involved in laser gum surgery are:
- Pre-treatment of the gums to find the extent of infection by bacteria.
- The deep pockets are decontaminated with the help of laser treatment.
- The gums are reshaped by grafting techniques.
Periodontal is a severe gum-related disease that is caused due to plaque and tartar. It causes deterioration of the gums and would cause infection to the pulp of the teeth. Gum surgery is an excellent option to reverse the damage caused due to diseases such as periodontal and gingivitis. Only mild pain is experienced by people undergoing gum surgery. Pain-reducing methods such as using an ice pack and taking painkillers can help reduce swelling and pain.
Call us at 408-275-0768 or schedule an appointment with our dental professionals at our office in San Jose, CA.