Deep cleaning is a process of removing plaque and tartar from the teeth. It may sound like regular teeth cleaning. But the difference is that deep cleaning includes cleaning all parts of a dental setup such as tooth crown, roots, and gums. It is one of the most effective ways of preventing a severe dental disease called periodontal. When regular teeth cleaning doesn't suffice, then a dentist recommends deep cleaning in order to remove the maximum amount of bacteria from the teeth.
When is deep cleaning preferred?
Deep cleaning is recommended by dentists every year in order to assess the dental health of a person. Plaque and tartar left unattended for a long period of time would eventually result in cavities. This could lead to gingivitis and even worse, periodontal. Sometimes, the pockets become deeper than 5 mm. A deep cleaning process, more precisely, root planning, has to be performed to treat the condition. People with chronic gum diseases have to go for a regular deep cleaning. Some of the main symptoms of gum diseases are:
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath
- Swelling of the gums
- Loose teeth
- Pus oozing from the gums
- Examining: The teeth are taken a closer look at any signs of gum disease, plaque, and tartar deposit. A small mirror is used for this purpose.
- Tartar elimination: The tartar and plaque deposited between the teeth are eliminated by scraping.
- Brushing: A special toothpaste is used by the dentist. A high-power electric brush is used for this purpose which makes a grinding sound when used to brush the teeth.
- Flossing: Any residual tartar or plaque that is stuck between the teeth are removed by flossing. An infection in the gums is also attended to during this process.
- Rinsing: The mouth is rinsed using liquid fluoride. Sometimes, normal water is used.
- Fluoride treatment: A fluoride gel is used to create foam in the mouth. This leaves a layer of fluoride protection on the teeth, preventing cavities and plaque accumulation on the teeth for several months.
It is a process of removal of bacteria from the roots of a tooth. It mainly includes removal of plaque and tartar from the roots by scraping. It is also used to smoothen the rough spots on the root which cause accumulation of bacteria. Advanced root planning techniques include the use of a laser to get rid of the tartar and plaque.
Advantages of getting a deep clean
- Prevention of gum-related diseases: Gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontal can be kept at bay with the help of deep cleaning.
- Prevention of tooth loss: Getting rid of the bacteria on the surface of a tooth prevents deterioration of the tooth. This, in turn, prevents tooth loss.
- Maintains the aesthetics of teeth: Deep cleaning helps maintain whiter teeth by the removal of tartar and plaque.
Soreness, bleeding gums and pain may be experienced for a few days after getting a deep clean done. But, it definitely helps maintain good oral health.